Not absolutely all product that has been taped had been coded. As our focus ended up being on scripted programming, we excluded day-to-day news broadcasts, game shows, sports programs and activities, and paid development, along with all kinds of commercials as well as other promotions ( e.g., teasers for community programs). Although music videos had been taped, these were coded and analyzed individually because of their unique faculties and so are perhaps maybe not reported right right here. The analyses introduced in this paper, nonetheless, do are the nonmusic video clip programming from cable music activity channels including talk programs, variety/comedy shows, and truth programs. In addition, demonstrates had been incomplete simply because they started before 3:00 p.m. or ended after 11:00 p.m. weren’t coded. Finally, episode repeats had been eradicated through the test.
The sample that is final the 2001 2002 period contained 1,276 unique system episodes, whereas the last test for the 2002 2003 period included 1,439 unique system episodes. The test for the 2nd content analysis had been notably bigger than the initial 12 months’s test that we had three episodes of each nonsyndicated series as we made a concerted effort in year 2 to ensure. Despite strict adherence into the sampling plan, extra taping ended up being needed whenever, for instance, brand brand brand new programs entered the autumn lineup following the start of year to replace for cancelled programs or once the time and time slot for a set had been changed.
The codebook when it comes to bigger research ended up being based considerably from the factors produced by Kunkel and peers (1999, 2001, 2003) within their content analyses conducted for the Kaiser Family Foundation. We created extra things, including those on exact exact same intercourse behavior that is intimate sexual talk associated with nonheterosexuals. Contrary to Kunkel and peers, whom utilized the scene due to the fact main device of analysis, our content analyses involved coding for intimate content in 2 moment periods of system time. Because scenes differ quite a bit in total and, hence, try not to offer a consistent device of measure to make evaluations across programs, we utilized a regular coding product according to time. Coding news programming in designated time periods has been utilized usually by other scientists conducting analyses that are content different system genres including films, detergent operas, and music videos (Hazan, Lipton, & Glantz, 1994; Lowery, 1980; Roberts, Christenson, Henriksen, & Bandy, 2002; Roberts, Henriksen, & Christenson, 1999; Sommers Flanagan, Sommers Flanagan, & Davis, 1993; Stockwell & Glantz, 1997; Terre, Drabman, & Speer, 1991).
For purposes with this content analysis, intercourse had been thought as any depiction of sex, intimately suggestive behavior, or any explore sexuality or activity that is sexual. To be conservative and avoid overcoding content that is sexual communications about intercourse were differentiated from nonsexual communications associated with love and relationships, that have been perhaps maybe not coded. As an example, a declaration such as вЂњEveryone loves my boyfriendвЂќ wouldn’t be coded whereas a declaration such as вЂњI made like to my boyfriendвЂќ could be coded.
exact Same intercourse intimate behavior
Every 2 moment period that were coded as containing one or more style of sexual intercourse monitored in the primary coding task flirting, kissing, intimate touching, intercourse suggested, sexual activity depicted, as well as other intimate behavior 2 has also been evaluated when it comes to existence of exact exact same intercourse intimate behavior. Because of this product, programmers used a yes/no response format to point whether some of the sexual behavior depicted when you look at the period happened between a couple of this exact same intercourse.
Explore nonheterosexual intimate dilemmas
Each 2 minute interval that have been coded as containing at least one instance of talk through the intimate talk groups utilized in the primary coding task ( ag e.g., remarks about own/others’ sexual actions or passions, speak about intercourse free online lesbian sex chat which have currently occurred, speak about sex crimes) had been additionally coded for whether some of the intimate talk associated with nonheterosexuals. With this product, programmers once again utilized a yes/no response format to point whether some of the talk that is sexual the sexual passions or concerns of nonheterosexual people. Usually, such reviews linked to gays and lesbians, although periodically they certainly were related to bisexuals.